Slot Machines Book Dieter Ladwig History Color Pictures Hardcover. EUR 8, Gebote. + EUR 8,21 Versand. Slot Machines a Pictorial Review by David. - Slot machines date back to years ago. #bonus slot machines. Charles August Fey (* 2. Februar als Augustinus Josephus Fey im bayerischen Slot Machine), dem wohl bekanntesten mechanischen Spielautomaten der Marshall Fey: Slot Machines: A pictorial history of the first years of the.
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Slot Machine History 1891: Sittman and Pitt Build a Poker Gambling Machine VideoThe History of Slot machines, The Liberty Belle Saloon and Red's 395 club
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A lever was pulled that spun the reels. When the reels stopped, a jackpot was awarded if three of a kind of symbol lined up. The payoff in coinage was then dispensed from the machine.
The first popular electric gambling machine was the animated horse race machine called PACES RACES. In , the first all-electronic gambling machine was built by Nevada Electronic called the "21" machine.
Other all electronic versions of gambling games followed including ones for dice, roulette, horse racing, and poker Dale Electronics' Poker-Matic was very popular.
In , the first electronic slot machine was built by the Fortune Coin Company. Share Flipboard Email. The combination of its electromechanical design and the bottomless hopper gave the Money Honey slot machines something that no other slot machine could offer up until that point.
Money Honey slots had a 3-coin and 5-coin multiplier that paid customers larger prizes when they played with 3 or 5 coins.
These multipliers were the predecessor of modern-day pay lines. You can increase your chances of winning by playing all of the pay lines on a particular slot machine.
The payout is proportional to the number of coins you insert or the number of pay lines you play with. Bally changed the slot machine significantly when they invented the Money Honey game.
Not only was it the first electromechanical machine, but it also offered higher payouts and coin multipliers. These features made it far more similar to the slot machines that we use today than its predecessors.
But, the revolution of the slot machine was just the beginning. Fortunately, the next innovation in the slot machine industry came quickly. Less than 13 years after the first electromechanical machine, slot machines got a facelift again with the invention of video slot machines.
Fortune Coin Company took one of the most famous inventions of the s, the color television, and incorporated it into their slot machines.
They used a inch Sony TV to display the spinning symbols, instead of the physical reels that had been used since It was a four-reel slot machine with three pay lines called Fortune Coin.
These logic boards were the first version of the random number generators that slot machines and casino games use today.
At first, customers were skeptical of the video slots. Despite their lack of initial success, the Nevada Gaming Commission approved the use of video slots in casinos.
International Game Technology , better known as IGT, bought out the Fortune Coin Company in IGT was able to modify the video slot machines to attract more customers and to benefit the casinos.
They added visual effects to make it look like the reels were spinning. They also made the slot machines smaller, with individual chairs so that the casinos could fit more of them on their gaming floor.
Fortunate Coin Company gets the credit for creating the first video slots. But it was their merger with IGT that made these slot machines profitable.
Atlantic City legalized casinos around the same time, so IGT had a whole new market of casinos to work with. Video slots transformed the casino industry, and casinos everywhere began offering thousands of these machines.
Manufacturers updated the graphics and the internal mechanisms, but no one considered moving away from pennies, nickels, dimes, and quarters.
Gamblers carried quart-size buckets of coins around with them. When they won, the machine would spill out a certain number of coins, filling the casino with the clinking sound of coins falling into the metal hopper.
However, slot machines never held enough coins to payout enough for some of the more significant jackpots.
So, if you won more than the threshold amount, which was usually coins, you had to wait for a casino manager to come to your machine. The casino manager would come to check your machine, verify your win, and fill out paperwork.
Once all of the paperwork was complete, they would carry more coins to you, accompanied by a security guard. In many cases, the process of collecting your winnings could take an hour or more, depending on how busy the casino was.
It almost always took at least half an hour. Waiting that long for your prize money was anticlimactic for many gamblers. You may have just won a massive jackpot, but now you have to stand around waiting and filling out paperwork.
Fortunately, MGM Corporation changed all that. In the early s, MGM was constructing the MGM Grand Casino.
They had an idea to make the new casino completely cashless. Some of the inventions that were key to the success of the project included barcode scanners, bill validators, ticket printers, and game developers.
They bought gaming technology from Five Star Solutions, a barcode printer from John Yarbrough, and a bill validator from Pat Greene.
These combined technologies created a universal interface board protocol that could be used on almost any slot machine.
After developing the Universal Interface Board UIB , MGM invited IGT, Bally Gaming, Sigma Games, and several other manufacturers to try out the UIB.
They had trailers in the Desert Inn parking lot where the manufacturers could test their games with the new software.
All of these manufacturers worked together to create the first Ticket In Ticket Out TITO slot machines. However, IGT bought the patents for TITO machines from MGM later, so IGT is often credited as the first company to offer TITO software.
TITO machines accepted dollar bills instead of coins. When the player was ready to cash out, the machine would print a barcoded ticket.
That is why slot machine developers eventually added coin-clinking sound effects to most of their machines. Political leaders initially resisted the TITO machines because they felt like they were just a step away from credit card readers at slot machines.
Gambling on credit is a sign of problem gambling, so they did not want to make that available. The system required cash to get started, so it could not be used for credit-based games.
Once they saw them in action, the Nevada Gaming Commission approved the use of TITO slot machines. Ticket In Ticket Out machines spread rapidly throughout Las Vegas and other gambling destinations.
They offered many benefits for both the players and the casinos. Before TITO, casinos had to have a separate machine for pennies, nickels, dimes, and quarters.
TITO software lets them accept multiple denominations on one machine, which means they can also expand their games collection.
The invention of video slots transformed slot machines. They are easier to manufacture and easier to modify. Now that almost all slot machines are video slots, manufacturers keep adding new features, better graphics, and different game themes.
While manufacturers continue to find new ways to add excitement to their slot machines, the fundamental machine is similar to those that emerged in the s.
Many things have remained the same, but there are a couple of new features that are worth noting. One of the most significant upgrades for slot machines came in IGT was again the company with the cutting edge.
It uses an electronic system to connect several slot machines to each other. They collected a portion of each bet that was made on each of the linked machines to create a super jackpot.
These super jackpots significantly increased the potential payout for customers. Bigger payouts attract more customers, so the casinos also benefitted.
Here are some of the most impressive jackpot wins ever. Megabucks was the first progressive slot machine, and it is still responsible for almost all of the highest record-breaking jackpot wins in casino history.
Another significant change for modern slot machines came in , from a software development company called Williams Interactive, or WMS.
It features several different fish symbols for the highest payouts and fishing equipment like tackleboxes, fishing poles, and bobbers for the smaller prizes.
Some of the symbols may have fishing lures on them. If you get three lures on any of the reels, you can trigger the bonus round.
They do not have to be on a pay line. When you enter the bonus round, you get to pick your fisherman, who will cast two to four times.
The fisherman will cast the line, and the screen will show you an underwater scene with several fish.
He will catch one fish for each cast, and each fish has a different prize attached. Depending on the outcome of your bonus round, you can earn multipliers and bonus credits.
You can even trigger a fishing competition where you compete against the computer. The addition of the second-screen bonus round added a lot of variety to games that previously had nothing other than spinning reels.
It also came at a time when computer games and video games were becoming increasingly popular. It was later modified and cheat-proofed with the addition of random number generators RNGs when it was bought by IGT in IGT's William Redd took over the Fortune Coin Company and improved the flagship slot machine's RNG.
By the end of the 70s, Fortune Coin had a better RNG, more paylines, and promised bigger payouts. It was soon a regular feature along the Las Vegas strip.
IGT were on a roll after the success of the upgraded Fortune Coin, but it was when Megabucks caught on that things really took off.
The world's first linked progressive slot , Megabucks, had top prizes that were linked across multiple machines. By the end of the decade, IGT had introduced several progressive machines including Wheel of Fortune, based on the hit TV gameshow.
WMS Industries Inc. WMS developed its first video slot with a second screen bonus. Reel 'Em In featured a fishing theme where players were able to trigger a Pick'em style bonus game.
It paved the way for second screen bonuses like free spins for years to come. A speedier and cheaper internet allowed online gambling manufacturers to start developing slots that could be played at home.
Microgaming had already been operating an online casino since but launched Cash Splash in , one of the world's first ever online progressive jackpot slots.
As broadband speeds and operating systems improved, the number of developers grew. Major players like NetEnt, Playtech, and Play'n GO all started up operations in the s and continue to innovate and expand.
Online games became slicker and became available to play through both download clients and via web browsers.
By the early s, Microgaming was busy setting records for progressive jackpots. Mega Moolah was introduced in and has awarded several 6-figure prizes in its lifetime.
As smartphone technology improved, so too did the range of mobile slots. A year later, continuing on his initial work, Fey cobbled together another machine.
The initial success with the public was such that Fey wrote his letter of resignation and left his employment - we doubt he ever looked back.
The had been a big hit at a major saloon and perhaps sensing a tingle or excitement indicative of what was forthcoming, Fey crafted more and more of these machines to meet demand as his we imagine his bank balance grew and grew.
After observing the apparent success of his second machine and his first respectable hit, Fey, the pioneer that he was, continued to channel his effort and skill into developing a greater, more complex, more imaginative beast.
In the Card Bell was born, and just like that, the dawning of the three reel slot era began. In this particular machine, an arm would be pulled in order to start the reels turning and as the excitement would mount, the outcome would be decided by playing cards which would line up to form poker hands.
On something of a roll, the Bavarian inventor turned slot machine extraordinaire, would really strike gold in , when he emerged from his workshop with the Liberty Bell.
Consider the achievement, the look on his face and imagine his pride at developing such a masterpiece. As Oscar Wild once said, Imitation is the sincerest form of flattery.
Now let us introduce you to Mills Novelty Company of Chicago. Sniffing out success, this nifty, albeit non-snappily titled corporation entered the race, followed shortly after by the Industry Novelty Company.
This move batted their reputation as slot machine pioneers straight out of the park by abolishing the playing cards and developing the first fruit symbol only slot machine.
As the popularity of these machines grew, so too did the voice of their resistors. Initially it was the clergy, on supposed grounds of morality, who did their best to halt the growing popularity of these machines.A candle is a light on top of the slot machine. E-Mail an Freunde Auf Facebook teilen wird in neuem Fenster oder Tab geöffnet. Januarbegleitend zu Celta De Vigo MDR-Sendung, abgerufen am In: Symposium GlücksspielUniversität Hohenheim.